Discuss Durkheims views on the purpose of punishment in society and explain what he meant by retributive justice and restitutive justice.

Write a paper answering all four questions below. Answers are expected to be a least one paragraph (if not greater in length). You are required to have an introduction and conclusion. It is also expected that you outside of the textbook: Stohr, M. K., & Walsh, A. (2021). Corrections: The essentials (Fourth ed.). SAGE Publications, Inc. and have at least three sources. The paper should not be full of direct quotes. Please use your own words and/or paraphrase and provide a supporting citation.
Questions
1. What was Walnut Street Jail? Evaluate its significance in the history of American corrections.
2. Assess the influence of the Enlightenment on correctional thinking.
3. Discuss Durkheims views on the purpose of punishment in society and explain what he meant by retributive justice and restitutive justice. Which type of justice is the criminal justice system in the United States built on?
4. Compare and contrast the rehabilitation and reintegration goals of punishment.

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